The term Cerebral Palsy is a broad description for a couple of conditions as result of brain damage or a brain that is under developed. The actual cause is only speculated but certain constants have been observed. Babies born prematurely with a low birth weight (below 1500 grams), head trauma before the age of 5 have been claimed as possible causes. Toddlers might suffer this from lead poisoning, Bacterial Meningitis or even malnutrition.
Cerebral Palsy is one of the most common disorders of childhood that exist prior to birth or due to complications during birth. Oxygen deprivation is believed to be the most common factor.
Types of Cerebral Palsy
There are three types of cerebral palsy
Spastic – Relates to stiffness and movement difficulties
Athetiod -Relates to Involuntary or uncontrolled movements
Ataxic – Relates to balance and depth perception disruption
Spastic Cerebral Palsy
There are three categories which defines the area of the body affected. Increased muscle tone and stiffness of the limbs causes movement to be jerky and sometimes awkward
Diplegia – Both legs are affected
Hemiplegia – only one side of the body is affected
Quadriplegia – The entire body is affected
The degree of stiffness also varies from person to person. Some individuals displayes nearly no symptoms and get by with ease. While other individuals need aids like walking rings just to get around.
Athetiod Cerebral Palsy
Athetiod Cerebral Palsy can be described as involuntary or uncoordinated movements and the inability to keep proper body posture. Often low muscle tone is associated with this condition. Individuals may experience difficulty in speaking, swallowing and walking.
Ataxic Cerebral Palsy
Ataxic Cerebral Palsy, the individual experience shaking and is usually very unsteady. They walk with their feet unusually far apart. This rare type of cerebral palsy causes poor balance and depth perception.