Disability is very personal and unique to each individual. To keep the sport fair classification groups exits for all the disciplines in Para Cycling. We will try and explain each classification group without getting too involved in the medical terminology. The rule of thumb is that the higher the number the more able the cyclist is to compete in that classification group. Official classifiers are trained to observe and evaluate and then class each individual. A junior category exists in each discipline from under 14 to under 20.
Tricycles – T1 and T2
T1 describes individuals with severe neurological impairments where riding a normal cycle is not possible. Cerebral Palsy groups are displayed one by one or a combination of them. Severe locomotion problems are observed. T2 is a lighter grade of the above with decreased muscle strength.
Hand Cycles – H1 to H5
A lesion is any abnormal tissue found on or in an organism, usually damaged by disease or trauma.
H1 – Tetraplegic with impairments corresponding to a complete cervical lesion at C6, C7, C8 or above. Complete loss of trunk stability and lower limb function. Cycling in the reclined position is mandatory.
H2 – Paraplegic with impairments corresponding to a complete lesion from Th1 to Th3 Very limited trunk stability Cycling in the reclined position is mandatory
H3 – ” Paraplegic with impairments corresponding to a complete lesion from Th11 or below ” No lower limb function or limited function ” Normal or almost normal trunk stability Cycling in the reclined position is mandatory
H4/5- Paraplegic with impairments corresponding to a complete lesion from Th11 or below Double below or Double through knee amputee Single leg amputation, minimal disability below knee amputation Incomplete loss of lower limb function, with other disabilities, which prevent the safe use of a conventional bicycle or tricycle. Kneeling Position is recommended, if mobility does not allow this then use H3 reclined class
Road Cycles – C1 to C5
Individuals who do not suffer from balance problems can compete in this class. C5 refers to the most able and C1 to the least able.